Guide Galleons and Galleys

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  1. Ganesha games rules|pirate|galleys and galleons
  2. Galleons and Galleys: Global Connections 1500-1800 (HI2C1)
  3. وصف ال٠نتج

The most common gun used aboard a galleon was the demi-culverin , although gun sizes up to demi-cannon were possible. Because of the long periods often spent at sea and poor conditions on board, many of the crew often perished during the voyage; therefore advanced rigging systems were developed so that the vessel could be sailed home by an active sailing crew a fraction of the size aboard at departure.

Galleons were a class of blue-water sailing ship that combined the easy-to-maneuver fore-and-aft rig of smaller shipping boats with the square rig of late middle ages cargo vessels. The galleons solidified the place of the square-rig and the centrally situated tallest main-masts and the slightly shorter fore-masts of a square-rigged ship characteristic of the 16thth centuries, but introduced the use of the lateen rig to sail closer to the wind on a tack than could a square-rigged vessel—an important attribute in restricted waters, but more so over long voyages where holding a few compass points closer to the wind might save hundreds of miles and days or weeks of sailing 'beating into the wind'.

The most distinguishing features of the galleon include the long, prominent beak or beakhead followed by a foremast and mainmast , both noticeably taller than the single or double lateen-rigged mizzenmasts with their sloped lateen-rig yards, and below those the square quarter gallery at the stern. On average with three masts, in larger galleons, a fourth mast was added, usually another lateen-rigged mizzen, called the bonaventure mizzen.

Ganesha games rules|pirate|galleys and galleons

The galleon continued to be used into the 18th century, by which time purpose-built vessels such as the fluyt , the brig and the full-rigged ship , both as a trading vessel and ship of the line , rendered it obsolete for trade and warfare respectively. The oldest known scale drawings in England are in a manuscript called "Fragments of Ancient Shipwrightry" made in about by Mathew Baker , a master-shipwright. This manuscript, held at the Pepysian Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge, provides an authentic reference for the size and shape of typical English galleons built during this period.

Based on these plans, the Science Museum, London has built a scale model ship that is an exemplar of galleons of this era. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ship type. For other uses, see Galleon disambiguation.

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See also: Types of sailing ships. Pillaging the Empire: Piracy in the Americas Sharpe, Retrieved 21 Feb Galeones were classed as 1-, 2- or 3-deckers, and stepped two or more masts rigged with square sails and topsails except for a lateen sail on the mizzenmast.

Galleons and Galleys: Global Connections 1500-1800 (HI2C1)

Capacity ranged up to tons or more. She carried 77 crewmen, 18 gunners, transported soldiers and 26 families, as well as provisions and cargo. Her armament was iron.

Galleys and Galleons

The Spanish Treasure Fleets. Pineapple Press Inc, p. Washington, DC: Potomac. Called by her crew Cacafuego Alertz, U. Types of sailing vessels and rigs. Hidden categories: Articles with Portuguese-language external links Articles with short description All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles with unsourced statements from January The galleon was the prototype of all square-rigged ships with three or more masts for over two and a half centuries, including the later full-rigged ship.


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The principal warships of the opposing English and Spanish fleets in the confrontation of the Spanish Armada were galleons, with the modified English " race-built " galleons developed by John Hawkins proving decisive, while the capacious Spanish galleons, designed primarily as transports, showed great endurance in the battles and in the great storms on the voyage home; most survived the ordeal.

Galleons were constructed from oak for the keel , pine for the masts and various hardwoods for hull and decking. Hulls were usually carvel -built.

وصف ال٠نتج

The expenses involved in galleon construction were enormous. Hundreds of expert tradesmen including carpenters , pitch-melters , blacksmiths , coopers , shipwrights , etc. To cover the expense, galleons were often funded by groups of wealthy businessmen who pooled resources for a new ship. Therefore, most galleons were originally consigned for trade, although those captured by rival states were usually put into military service. The most common gun used aboard a galleon was the demi-culverin , although gun sizes up to demi-cannon were possible.

Because of the long periods often spent at sea and poor conditions on board, many of the crew often perished during the voyage; therefore advanced rigging systems were developed so that the vessel could be sailed home by an active sailing crew a fraction of the size aboard at departure. Galleons were a class of blue-water sailing ship that combined the easy-to-maneuver fore-and-aft rig of smaller shipping boats with the square rig of late middle ages cargo vessels.

The galleons solidified the place of the square-rig and the centrally situated tallest main-masts and the slightly shorter fore-masts of a square-rigged ship characteristic of the 16thth centuries, but introduced the use of the lateen rig to sail closer to the wind on a tack than could a square-rigged vessel—an important attribute in restricted waters, but more so over long voyages where holding a few compass points closer to the wind might save hundreds of miles and days or weeks of sailing 'beating into the wind'.

The most distinguishing features of the galleon include the long, prominent beak or beakhead followed by a foremast and mainmast , both noticeably taller than the single or double lateen-rigged mizzenmasts with their sloped lateen-rig yards, and below those the square quarter gallery at the stern. On average with three masts, in larger galleons, a fourth mast was added, usually another lateen-rigged mizzen, called the bonaventure mizzen.

The galleon continued to be used into the 18th century, by which time purpose-built vessels such as the fluyt , the brig and the full-rigged ship , both as a trading vessel and ship of the line , rendered it obsolete for trade and warfare respectively. The oldest known scale drawings in England are in a manuscript called "Fragments of Ancient Shipwrightry" made in about by Mathew Baker , a master-shipwright. This manuscript, held at the Pepysian Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge, provides an authentic reference for the size and shape of typical English galleons built during this period.

Based on these plans, the Science Museum, London has built a scale model ship that is an exemplar of galleons of this era. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ship type. For other uses, see Galleon disambiguation. See also: Types of sailing ships. Pillaging the Empire: Piracy in the Americas Sharpe, Retrieved 21 Feb Galeones were classed as 1-, 2- or 3-deckers, and stepped two or more masts rigged with square sails and topsails except for a lateen sail on the mizzenmast.


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Capacity ranged up to tons or more. She carried 77 crewmen, 18 gunners, transported soldiers and 26 families, as well as provisions and cargo.